The Kimberley Process: Stopping the Trade of Conflict Diamonds

Lessons to Learn on Certification: Global Witness Pulls Out of Kimberley  Process - The Enough Project

The Kimberley Process (KP) is an international initiative established in 2003 to stop the trade of “conflict diamonds.” Conflict diamonds are rough diamonds mined in war zones and sold by rebel groups to fund violence against legitimate governments. These diamonds have devastating consequences, fueling wars and human rights abuses.

The KP is a unique collaboration between governments, industry (diamond miners, traders, and jewelers), and civil society organizations. This multi-stakeholder approach aims to bring transparency and accountability to the diamond trade lab grown diamonds, ensuring that diamonds you buy are conflict-free.

How Does the Kimberley Process Work?

The Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) is the key mechanism. Here’s a breakdown:

  • Participant Countries: Over 85 countries, including major diamond producers and trading centers, participate in the KP.
  • Certification Scheme: Each member country implements the KPCS, ensuring all rough diamonds exported have a Kimberley Process Certificate. This certificate guarantees the diamonds originated from a conflict-free source.
  • Chain of Custody: Rough diamonds must be shipped in tamper-proof containers throughout the supply chain, with certificates accompanying them at every step.

The Impact of the Kimberley Process

The KP has significantly reduced the flow of conflict diamonds. However, challenges remain. The KP is constantly evolving to address issues like loopholes and smuggling. Civil society organizations continue to play a vital role in monitoring the process and advocating for further improvements.

In conclusion, what is the kimberley process is an ongoing effort to ensure that diamonds represent peace and prosperity, not violence and war.


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